Numerical simulation to analyze the physical behavior of centrifugal pumps as a turbine
Artìculo de revista
Journal of Physics
In this research, a methodology based on the development of numerical simulations is proposed to analyze the physical behavior of centrifugal pumps such as a turbine. Numerical simulations were carried out using OpenFOAM software. For the validation of the numerical model, the construction of an experimental test bench was carried out. The analysis carried out involves the evaluation of performance parameters of the pump as a turbine, such as head, power, and efficiency. Additionally, the effect of the rotation speed on the previous parameters is evaluated. From the results obtained, it was shown that the maximum relative error was 4%, 3.4%, and 3.8% for the head, power, and efficiency parameters, respectively. In general, it was evidenced that the proposed numerical simulation has the ability to describe the real trends of the pump as a turbine for different flow conditions. In addition, an 11% increase in rotational speed was shown to cause a 12%, 1.9%, and 3% increase in head, power, and maximum efficiency. The proposed methodology is considered an adequate tool to analyze performance and identify the best efficiency point of pump systems such as a turbine. In this way, greater energy use is guaranteed.