Characterization of the anticorrosive properties in bismuth-titanate films obtained by the sol-gel method
Artículo de revista
Journal of Physics: Conference Series
Sol-gel synthesis has been used since 1950 to prepare oxides. The method is attractive because the processes of obtaining the oxides are developed at room temperature; products with high purity and homogeneity are obtained, and allow the combination of several types of oxides: silicon, zirconium, titanium, aluminum, bismuth, and cerium. Sol-gel has been used to make ceramic composites with anticorrosive properties on stainless steel substrates. A class of stainless steel widely used in biomedical applications, especially in the treatment of fractures, 316L is its low economic cost relative to other materials such as titanium. Once the steel implant is inside the human body it comes into contact with body fluids that contain chloride ions. The fluid-implant interaction develops a corrosive process on the metal surface. The corrosive products of iron diffuse in the body causing tissue damage. As a possible solution to this problem, the objective of the investigation was to obtain a bismuth-titanium oxide using the sol-gel method and apply it on 316L stainless steel substrates. Bismuth nitrate pentahydrate and titanium tetrabutoxide were used as precursors. The anticorrosive response was evaluated in a simulated physiological solution, Ringer's solution, by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and potentiodynamic polarization curves. It is concluded that the coatings function as a corrosion barrier preventing the chloride ions Ringer's solution reach the metal surface.