Dynamic Simulation of Bioethanol Production from Banana Rejected using Flocculating Yeast
Contreras, J | 2021-09-12
A dynamic model is presented to simulate a fermentation process for bioethanol
production from banana rejected using a batch system. The critical model feature is using an
inhibition function to relate substrate concentration and specific growth rate. Kinetic
parameters were calculated based on previous experimental data, and the optimal substrate
concentration is investigated. The Andrews kinetic model was adapted to the concentration
profiles, indicating that it could describe the existence of substrate and product inhibition.
Different initial substrate concentrations were evaluated (90-400 g/L), and simulated results
suggest 200 g/L of rejected banana as a starting point to reach a high and efficient bioethanol
production since a maximal ethanol production is reached with a value of 150 g/L. However,
when using a higher banana, rejected concentration inhibition occurs, and therefore bioethanol
production decreases to reach levels lower than 100 g/L. Based on results found, kinetic
models allow obtaining important observations on microbial metabolic processes and
facilitating a good approximation for further large-scale stages.